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removal from a diet, it may be more practical to discuss how they can be prepared to minimise the salt and fat content. pöwhiri. Interactive quizzes are based on material found in Best Practice Journal and Best Tests. karakia All areas used in the care of Tüpäpaku e.g. Tikanga Pōhiri. Create a Māori whānau group with the purpose of supporting your team to increase their knowledge of tikanga, or seek support from Māori members of staff. quizzes are posted out with journals and GPs are invited to submit their answers for CME credits. Check out our post that takes you step-by-step through the powhiri and provides guidelines for expected behaviour on a marae. Tikanga – rule, customs, protocol, lore Tūpāpaku – body of the deceased Whānau – family group, give birth. practices, Tapu and noa are entirely consistent with a logical Māori view of hygiene and align with good health and These practices or protocols reflect the concepts upon which they are based and provide guidelines for appropriate behaviour in Māori society. In the glossary of Health and Physical Education in the New Zealand Curriculum, tikanga is defined as 'custom, rule, way of doing things'. Encourage rangatahi to do the right thing by providing them with the essential information. a key component of Māori culture. Teachers demonstrate respect and humility in all areas of their work. safety practices. The principles and values attached to it underpin all tikanga Māori. Early Childhood Education Monday, November 15, 2010. Ko te Reo Māori te reo whai mana o tēnei paetukutuku. Add onions, Don't have an account? Tikanga is commonly based on experience and learning that has been handed down through generations. This consideration should not be compromised. Staff should not sit on tables or workbenches and particularly on surfaces used for food or medication. Food should never be passed over the head. Since learning about Tikanga Maori, I have realised that my centre is not fully successful in implementing it. Some foods have special meaning and can be an important part of cultural preferences. Avoid touching another person’s head, unless invited. in society may be. ; Kia penei te whakatakoto o ngā rā: 21 Haratua 2007. Seek whānau advice and guidance about how to practise tikanga appropriately in the early childhood programme. Tikanga governs and Mäori protocols are followed e.g. There are currently no comments for this article. This document is not for all tribal affiliations and some iwi may have differing protocols. It is based on logic and common sense associated with a Māori world view. To socialise even briefly will greatly assist in developing rapport and building an effective Register to use all the features of this website, including selecting clinical areas of interest and is always considered important, no matter what the circumstances. Every iwi with its hapū and whānau has a rich heritage with its own set of tikanga. therapeutic relationship. pdf version of this article, http://www.adhb.govt.nz/ResearchOffice/MRRC/tikanga_-_rbp.html, http://www.beeflambnz.co.nz/resources/resources-healthProfessionals.html, http://www.teiho.org/RitualsOfEncounter/RitualsInClinicalPractice.aspx, http://www.kmk.maori.nz/fileadmin/downloads/KARAKIA/Karakia_Mo_Te_Kai.pdf, Strategies to improve nutrition in elderly people, The nutritional management of weight loss in COPD, Dietary advice for people with coeliac disease, Vitamins and minerals: dietary sources supplements and deficiencies, Improving Māori health - increased awareness of issues, Eltroxin (levothyroxine) formulation change, Upfront: Mandatory fortification of bread with folic acid. Half way through boiling the meat pour off the fatty water, refill the pot, boil and continue to simmer the meat. This text was compiled to help staff and other members of Victoria University of Welllington’s community incorporate more tikanga Māori (Māori customs and protocols) into our university environment and culture. View / Download Practising Te Reo. Fridges/freezers used to store food or medication for human consumption should be clearly marked and not used for any other purpose. The Research: Hence the conducting of a series of ‘ānanga’, meetings to gather together hui w understandings of Tainui Tikanga, which could provide a guide for protocols undertaken The placing into practice that which is correct. Some activities in this resource are designed to give teachers and students the opportunity to explore, understand, and use local tikanga during te ao kori activities. A Pōhiri/Pōwhiri is a ritualised encounter between two groups of people, the tangata whenua (people of the land/local hosts) and manuhiri/manuwhiri (birds from afar/guests) at a marae (meeting house) of the tangata whenua. Find out more. Tikanga. Mana – prestige, respect, authority Anything that comes into contact with the body or body fluids must be kept separate from food and should not be placed While health professionals do work under considerable time pressures it is considered impolite to Wellington: Huia Publishers: 2003, Tapsell, R. Māori Rituals of Encounter: the Whānau Hui. with the specific cultural preferences and foods of their patients because they have an important role in their health.2. Tapu – sacred, restricted In an early childhood context, the strength of these relationships determines children’s learning and development. Welcome to the Tikanga Māori at Victoria booklet. Reward adherence to tikanga. Tikanga are cultural practices or protocols exercised by Māori in their daily lives. Tikanga Maori Stop: The centre where I am doing my work experience does not really implement Tikanga Maori in some aspects. Since learning about Tikanga Maori, I have realised that my centre is not fully successful in implementing it. This page summarises the West Coast DHB Tikanga Recommended Best Practice Guidelines policy. The primary care update series is a new premium service from bpacnz Register to use all the features Māori shall decide which Māori data shall be … Although some protocols are followed, others are not. You’ll further advance your technical and practical skills of tikanga within their proper context. There was a need for the development and establishment of bicultural competencies for early childhood education delivery in the Aotearoa New Zealand. And although I am only in the centre for a few hours a week, I wonder if the other staff members even know all of the Maori protocols because I have not heard them being mentioned to children. Mā te rongo, ka mōhio Mā te mōhio, ka mārama Mā te mārama, ka mātau Mā te mātau, ka ora. Pōwhiri – welcome Tikanga – Protocol. And although I am only in the centre for a few hours a week, I wonder if the other staff members even know all of the Maori protocols because I have not heard them being mentioned to children. This may include speeches and waiata. some of the more informal aspects of the mihimihi. Endures that the school/ECE service, teachers and whānau work ... Māori/tikanga ā-iwi, Place-based education, All learning and interaction occurs within a cultural context, Knowledge of whakapapa – knowing who ... .Actively acknowledges and follows appropriate protocols when engaging with Māori parents, whānau, hapū, iwi and communities. A whānau hui involving proper rituals of engagement and closure can be invaluable in developing The notes on tikanga in this resource provide a general guide for teachers, but they cannot encompass the iwi, hapū, or whānau variances that are particular to every region of Aotearoa New Zealand. Tikanga are the customs and traditions that have been handed down through the passages of time. “favourite” articles, taking part in quizzes and much more. Following on from our level 4 programme, Te Hapūtanga o te Ao Tikanga is the next step to continue to develop your understanding of tikanga protocols and cultural practices relating to the specialised area of interest your studies are focused on. Consultation and involvement of local iwi will also provide security for teachers who might have concerns about lack of knowledge and understanding of tikanga. Māori teaching staff lead the delivery of the bicultural components of our programmes. In my time in my centre I have noticed that some Tikanga Maori protocols are put in place but not as much as there could be. Māori people regard the head as very tapu (sacred). Kaua e tuhia ki tētahi atu reo. i ngā tikanga a kui mā, a koro mā. that may be offered. The following basic Māori practices rely on an understanding of tapu and noa – key concepts that underpin many Add lots of vegetables then boil and simmer until they are cooked. Tikanga Māori guides teaching practices. Health professionals are held in high esteem and so it is important to acknowledge the welcome. Receptacles used for drinking water should be solely used for that purpose. Fear of making mistakes should not be used as a reason for teachers to avoid including te ao kori activities in their programmes. For example, Māori and Steiner world views each propose a unique understanding of the world specific to their culture. Tikanga is about logic and common sense. Advice on Māori customs and protocols relating to food. Preventing and managing bronchiectasis in high-risk paediatric populations, Managing cows' milk protein allergy in infants, Weight loss: the options and the evidence, Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer: an overview for primary care, Asthma education in primary care: A focus on improving outcomes for Māori and Pacific peoples, The optimal management of patients with COPD - Part 2: Stepwise escalation of treatment, The “supporting weight management in primary care” programme, Managing patients who are obese: Encouraging and maintaining healthy weight-loss, Smoking cessation beyond the ABC: Tailoring strategies to high-risk groups, Gynaecology and urinary tract disorders (female), Integrated Performance and Incentive Framework, Decision support for health professionals, Practice acquisition and careers in health, We acknowledge these fruits laid before us. any other purpose. Mihimihi – to greet towards others. This item is 12 years and 4 months old; some content may no longer be current. Hakari. Rather than advocating their complete Planning and implementing culturally and socially appropriate programmes for Māori children is another component of tikanga whakaako. Manaakitanga – protection, blessings, show respect or kindness to. Each teaching base has kaumātua and kuia who advise on protocol and enhance the understanding of te ao Māori. They are a … These themes include critical aspects of tikanga Māori (such as the existence and significance of appropriate protocols for particular situations). practice tikanga and te reo Māori at face to face meetings. Food or drink should never be taken into a room containing a tūpāpaku, Auckland DHB. Tikanga guidelines aim to help staff within the Hospital Health Service to provide culturally responsive health and disability services to Māori. not partake in this aspect. The aim is to nurture relationships and to respect the mana of other people no matter what their standing Tikanga can be described as general behaviour guidelines for daily life and interaction in Māori culture. WHĀINGA PURPOSE All meetings open and close with karakia. Rituals can vary, so be guided by your hosts about what is appropriate. of this website, including selecting clinical areas of interest, taking part in quizzes and much more. The joy of finding parallels – Steiner philosophy and Te Ao Māori. Available from, Medical Council of New Zealand. For example, healthier boil up:3 and advocated the inclusion of tikanga Māori as part of formal ethical decision-making processes [appendix one]. Tikanga, kawa (protocols) and mātauranga (knowledge) shall underpin the protection, access and use of Māori data. Manaakitanga – nurturing relationships, looking after people and being very careful about how others are treated is or cooking family meals, and expectations need to be realistic and culturally acceptable. ECE Reflection Three Reflection three: How your centre implements Tikanga Maori. Log in Tainui protocols is regarded as a major part of that responsibility, and works to ensure that there is no miscommunication. Noa – free from tapu In Ako: Concepts and Learning in the Māori Tradition (Pere, 1982), tikanga is described as rules, plans, methods, approaches, customs, habits, rights, authority, and control. Ngā tikanga ki roto i te mahi - Tikanga in Practice. Tikanga dictates normally that the right-hand side of the meeting house (the ancestors right hand) is to be occupied by the tangata whenua, while the manuhiri occupy the left-hand side including the rear and then positions left vacant by the tangata whenua. garlic and herbs instead of salt for extra flavour. It outlines traditional principles of tikanga and recommends ways to encompass Māori values and beliefs into frontline service delivery. Therefore, it is important that schools consult with local iwi wherever possible, to acknowledge and follow local tikanga when participating in te ao kori activities. Manaakitanga focuses on positive human behaviour and encourages people to rise above their personal attitudes and feelings There are a range of models of Māori research ethics which guide researchers and ensure that tikanga (protocols and practices) and cultural concepts are acknowledged [appendix two]. For the purpose of this unit standard, tikanga are the identified practices or protocols of any Māori Hint: If you are a General Practitioner your username may be your MCNZ#, About us | FAQ | Contact us | Terms of use. When students go to collect raupō, toetoe and harakeke, you will need to get permission from the owners of the land the plants grow on, for example local iwi/council/farmer. They come from tika,things are true and not teka, things that are false.Hence the word is tikanga not tekanga.. The Whare Kai. Whänau/Family Rooms, Tühono Tahi (Whänau/family waiting areas close to critical care) Wä Märie (Bereavement Room) will follow the Tikanga Recommended Best Practice outlining the Initially, Providers should be aware and become familiar The children in my centre are told that it is bad manners to sit on tables but this is not always followed through with. ; Ko Te Matatiki te tino papakupu. This allows the speaker to address face to face, his audience. They found that over a third did not reflect a number of aspects of children’s learning and development in their assessment information with very little focus on attitudes and cultural dimensions. because preparing separate meals is unrealistic. Tikanga Recommended Best Practice. Available from, Mead, H. Tikanga Māori Living by Māori Values. Knowledge of these rituals is Fridges/freezers used to store food or medication for human consumption should be clearly marked and not used for that the Treaty of Waitangi extends equal status and rights to Māori and Pākehā alike … [graduates will] use te reo Māori me ngā tikanga-a-iwi [principals, protocols and practices of the iwi (Māori tribes) of the local community] appropriately in their practice … [and will] demonstrate respect for te reo Māori me ngā tikanga-a- iwi in their practice. Whānau – family group, give birth, It is important to be aware of Māori lifestyles, including diet. 1-2) Themes identified from the qualitative data Tūpāpaku – body of the deceased The guidelines are underpinned by Māori values, protocols, concepts, views of health and Te Tiriti o Waitangi. Often, in the clinical Explain rules, boundaries and consequences. to take part in quizzes. ; Ko Te Papakupu a Wiremu tētahi atu papakupu whai mana. Particular protocol must be followed when on a Pa (village), in a marae and during a powhiri. A way to deepen understanding of Te Whāriki is to explore the synergies between the curriculum and a service’s existing purpose or philosophy. Manaakitanga Tikanga related to food healthy kai. Best Health Outcomes for Māori: Practice Implications. important in whānau meetings and in meetings with the local Māori community and providers.5. NEW Manaakitanga Tikanga can apply to all aspects of Māori life, and 'rules' therefore are numerous and diverse. Register or context, a more informal process of welcome is undertaken with some of the essential elements of the pōwhiri and Leave skin on potatoes and kumara. Kai – Food, to eat Tikanga – The collection of raupō, toetoe, and harakeke In the past, respect for the environment and its natural resources meant permission was sought from Tāne Mahuta before removing plants. 6.3 Restrictions. Awareness and understanding of the tikanga (protocols) associated to places, forests, moana, marae, library, fire station, bakery, and so on, where excursions have been planned for. In the glossary of Health and Physical Education in the New Zealand Curriculum, tikanga is defined as 'custom, rule, way of doing things'.. (pp. When I first started at the centre I only noticed a few protocols that all the children had to abide by in their everyday routine. Although some protocols are followed, others are not. on surfaces where food is placed. Being hospitable and looking after visitors is given high priority.4. ... Māori as tangata whenua, and recognises the importance of honouring Te Tiriti o Waitangi by weaving Māori protocols, traditions and te reo Māori into sessions. are not sure of the correct process, it is better to ask than to risk causing offence. We would see rangatahi operating within the confines of the rules. By understanding tikanga and its role in te ao kori activities, teachers can incorporate biculturalism into their everyday practice, rather than simply 'teaching' it. The person requiring the change in diet may not be responsible for shopping Use pre-trimmed meat or trim fat off meat. Following the tikanga implies that the activity is being undertaken in a way that is culturally appropriate. In The Quality of Assessment in Early Childhood Education (November 2007), ERO mentions that they looked in to how well services reflected holistic development in their practice. When visiting Māori on a marae or at home, it is important to allow sufficient time for any welcome and refreshments Although aspects of tikanga are common to all Māori, the way in which they are upheld may differ from iwi (tribe) to iwi, hapū (sub-tribe) to hapū, and even whānau (family group) to whānau. Available from. Tikanga – rule, customs, protocol, lore The Early Childhood Education Community can be viewed as progressive in its dedication to honouring the rights of the tangata whenua of New Zealand and ensuring this is reflected in the curriculum teaching of children. Ka whāia ngā tikanga whakatakoto kupu a te Taura Whiri i te Reo Māori. Food should never be passed over the head. If you Tea towels should only be used for the purpose of drying dishes and washed separately from all other soiled linen. rapport and partnership with patients and their families. Māori concepts and tikanga are woven throughout our programmes and are combined with the best in international ECE research and practice. Stop. Celebratory feast. In Ako: Concepts and Learning in the Māori Tradition (Pere, 1982), tikanga is described as rules, plans, methods, approaches, customs, habits, rights, authority, and control. Oku Wawata - My Aspirations Kaituhi: Wendy Rameka. Copyright All Rights Reserved © bpacnz 2020, Decision support for health professionals », Practice acquisition and careers in health », Manaakitanga Tikanga related to food healthy kai. There was a need for transformation at all levels of the early childhood sector to realise the vision of a fully-bicultural early childhood sector. Tikanga whakatakoto reo. In the early stages of learning te reo Māori, some teachers may include information in English about the attitudes and values associated with te ao Māori. Experience shows regular practice will help you retain information, improve pronunciation and become confident in the application of tikanga and te reo Māori for any occasion where it is appropriate to observe cultural protocol. Dietary changes, while recommended for an individual, often need to be adopted by the whole whānau to be successful, And some iwi may have differing protocols tikanga guidelines aim to help staff within the health... Primary care update series is a key component of Māori life, and 'rules ' therefore are and! Purpose of drying dishes and washed separately from all other soiled linen staff within the of! Continue to simmer the meat pour off the fatty water, refill the pot, boil simmer... Used for the purpose of drying dishes and washed separately from all other soiled linen for the purpose of dishes... Briefly will greatly assist in developing rapport and partnership with patients and their families meetings open and close with.... Not sit on tables but this is not always followed through with fridges/freezers used to food..., protocols, concepts, views of health and te ao kori activities in their programmes taking part quizzes! Tikanga Maori you are not sure of the early childhood sector with journals and GPs are invited to their. Base has kaumātua and kuia who advise on protocol and enhance the understanding of the deceased whānau family... Manners to sit on tables or workbenches and particularly on surfaces used for any other.. Knowledge ) shall underpin the protection, access and use of Māori tikanga protocols in ece view! Regard the head as very tapu ( sacred ) not partake in this aspect, respect! Is bad manners to sit on tables or workbenches and particularly on surfaces for! Doing my work experience does not really implement tikanga Maori Stop: the whānau hui involving proper rituals engagement! Some foods have special meaning and can be an important part of that responsibility and... Iwi may have differing protocols provide guidelines for appropriate behaviour in Māori culture soiled linen and works to ensure there... And advocated the inclusion of tikanga and te Tiriti o Waitangi whānau advice and guidance how. To their culture to help staff within the Hospital tikanga protocols in ece service to provide responsive... I am doing my work experience does not really implement tikanga Maori, i have realised that centre! Service from bpacnz Find out more after visitors is given high priority.4 ao Māori and building an therapeutic! Mātau mā te mōhio, ka mōhio mā te mōhio, ka.... Society may be Huia Publishers tikanga protocols in ece 2003, Tapsell, R. Māori rituals of Encounter the! Powhiri and provides guidelines for daily life and interaction in Māori society Māori rituals of:... Bicultural competencies for early childhood programme enhance the understanding of tikanga service delivery proper rituals of Encounter the... Rituals is important to acknowledge the welcome and particularly on surfaces used for that purpose have realised that centre. When on a marae key component of tikanga whakaako tikanga Māori as part of formal decision-making! Manaakitanga is always considered important, no matter what their standing in may! Behaviour on a Pa ( village ), in a marae Reflection Three: how your centre implements tikanga,! Important part of cultural preferences knowledge ) shall underpin the protection, blessings, respect. November 15, 2010 our post that takes you step-by-step through the and... Staff within the confines of the bicultural components of our programmes whāinga purpose all meetings open and close karakia... Very tapu ( sacred ) than to risk causing offence whānau – family,... Off meat planning and implementing culturally and socially appropriate programmes for Māori children is another component of tikanga handed through... ; some content may no longer be current meat or trim fat off meat sense associated with a world! Critical aspects of Māori culture Māori society family group, give birth lack of knowledge and of! O tēnei paetukutuku cultural practices or protocols exercised by Māori in their lives... Is considered impolite to not partake in this aspect and closure can be an important part of that,! Common sense associated with a tikanga protocols in ece world view associated with a Māori world.. Guidelines are underpinned by Māori in their daily lives how your centre implements tikanga Maori Stop: the whānau.! Are numerous and diverse new premium service from bpacnz Find out more,,. Down through the passages of time professionals are held in high esteem and so it is considered to. A koro tikanga protocols in ece and beliefs into frontline service delivery upon which they cooked., boil and continue to simmer the meat pour off the fatty water, refill the pot boil! The customs and protocols relating to food every iwi with its own set tikanga! And mātauranga ( knowledge ) shall underpin the protection, blessings, show respect or kindness to sacred. Developing rapport and building an effective therapeutic relationship shall underpin the protection, access use... Quizzes and much more koro mā Three: how your centre implements tikanga Maori to take part quizzes... Daily lives to Māori for early childhood programme from all other soiled linen food to., protocol, lore Tūpāpaku – body of the correct process, it better! They are a … and advocated the inclusion of tikanga, protocol, lore Tūpāpaku – body the... Ka ora address face to face meetings speaker to address face to,. Up:3 use pre-trimmed meat or trim fat off meat, protocols, concepts, views health... My work experience does not really implement tikanga Maori in some aspects the! Logic and common sense associated with a Māori world view providing them with the essential information and very! Essential information i am doing my work experience does tikanga protocols in ece really implement tikanga Maori:... Appropriate behaviour in Māori society for expected behaviour on a Pa ( village ), in a way that culturally! Purpose of drying dishes and washed separately from all other soiled tikanga protocols in ece te mahi - tikanga in Practice shall! Another person ’ s head, unless invited te mārama, ka tikanga protocols in ece some foods have special and. Manners to sit on tables but this is not fully successful in it... And advocated the inclusion of tikanga Māori ( such as the existence and significance of protocols. Appropriately in the early childhood Education delivery in the early childhood Education Monday, November 15,.! ’ ll further advance your technical and practical skills of tikanga within their proper context key component of Māori.. And use of Māori culture it is considered impolite to not partake in aspect!, customs, protocol, lore Tūpāpaku – body of the early childhood Education Monday November. To Māori their personal attitudes and feelings towards others the qualitative data tikanga cultural! Where i am doing my work experience does not really implement tikanga Maori in some aspects instead. Common sense associated with a Māori world view has been handed down through generations security teachers! Exercised by Māori values, protocols, concepts, views of health and te reo Māori people... ) shall underpin the protection, blessings, show respect or kindness to West! Down through generations their daily lives into frontline service delivery lots of vegetables then boil and until... May have differing protocols there was a need for transformation at all levels of the world specific their. About what is appropriate for human consumption should be clearly marked and not used for drinking water be. Since learning about tikanga Maori in some aspects respect and humility in areas! Relationships, looking after people and being very careful about how to tikanga. Used to store food or medication for human consumption should be clearly marked and not used the... Where i am doing my work experience does not really implement tikanga Maori in some.! Part in quizzes and much more the purpose of drying dishes and washed separately from all other soiled linen does. Health professionals are held in high esteem and so it is important to acknowledge the welcome appendix one.! Māori people regard the head as very tapu ( sacred ) all aspects of Māori data and disability to... For any other purpose marae and during a powhiri appropriately in the Aotearoa new.. Human consumption should be solely used for food or drink should never be taken into room... 4 months old ; some content may no longer be current ( such as the existence and significance of protocols... Behaviour and encourages people to rise above their personal attitudes and feelings towards others iwi will provide! For any other purpose of cultural preferences whānau hui involving proper rituals of and. Guidelines for daily life and interaction in Māori society reflect the concepts upon which they are cooked mārama, ora... Material found in Best Practice Journal and Best Tests if you are not down the! Components of our programmes provides guidelines for expected behaviour on a Pa ( village ), in a that... Regarded as a reason for teachers who might have concerns about lack of knowledge and of. – nurturing relationships, looking after visitors is given high priority.4 the speaker to address to. Group, give birth, taking part in quizzes and much more check our... Te rongo, ka mōhio mā te rongo, ka mōhio mā te mōhio, mōhio... Of our programmes H. tikanga Māori ( such as the existence and significance of appropriate protocols for particular ). Are followed, others are treated is a key component of Māori data knowledge of these is. Is to nurture relationships and to respect the mana of other people no what. Tikanga ki roto i te reo Māori at face to tikanga protocols in ece meetings Find out more powhiri... Tikanga within their proper context values attached to it underpin all tikanga Māori as part of that responsibility and! Page summarises the West Coast DHB tikanga Recommended Best Practice Journal and Tests. Old ; some content may no longer be current Publishers: 2003, Tapsell, R. rituals. With the essential information tikanga protocols in ece for appropriate behaviour in Māori society further advance your technical practical!

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